Here are the 20 Questions and Answers on Alexander the Great that comes in CBSE examination for History subject
Q1: Who was Alexander the Great?
A: Alexander the Great was a renowned ancient Macedonian king and military leader who conquered vast territories, creating one of the largest empires in history.
A few more points for his family background.
Alexander’s father was Philip II of Macedon, who was one of the most powerful rulers in the Greek world at the time. His mother was Olympias, a princess from Epirus. Alexander was educated by the philosopher Aristotle, and he showed great promise from a young age.
In 336 BC, Philip II was assassinated, and Alexander succeeded him to the throne at the age of 20. He quickly proved to be a brilliant military commander, and he led his army on a series of conquests that stretched from Greece to Egypt to India. By the time of his death in 323 BC, he had created one of the largest empires in history.
Alexander the Great is considered one of the greatest military commanders of all time, and his legacy continues to inspire people today. He is also known for his cultural contributions, including the spread of Greek language and ideas throughout the ancient world.
Q2: When and where was Alexander the Great born?
A: Alexander was born in Pella, the capital of the Kingdom of Macedon, in 356 BCE.
Q3: Who was Alexander’s father, and what was his significance?
A: Alexander’s father was King Philip II of Macedon, who united the Greek city-states and laid the groundwork for Alexander’s future conquests.
Q4: What was the name of Alexander’s famous teacher, and what did he teach him?
A: Alexander was taught by the philosopher Aristotle, who imparted knowledge in various subjects like philosophy, ethics, politics, and literature.
Q5: At what age did Alexander become king after his father’s assassination?
A: Alexander became the king of Macedon at the age of 20, following the assassination of his father in 336 BCE.
Q6: What was Alexander’s first major military campaign, and who did he defeat?
A: Alexander’s first major military campaign was against the Persian Empire. He defeated the Persian King Darius III at the Battle of Issus in 333 BCE.
Q7: What is the famous incident involving the Gordian Knot and Alexander?
A: In 333 BCE, Alexander famously untied the Gordian Knot, a complex knot tied by King Gordius of Phrygia. It fulfilled the prophecy that whoever untied it would become the ruler of Asia.
Q8: What is the significance of the Battle of Gaugamela in Alexander’s conquests?
A: The Battle of Gaugamela, fought in 331 BCE, marked Alexander’s decisive victory over Darius III, securing his control over the Persian Empire.
Q9: Describe Alexander’s journey to India and his interactions with Indian rulers.
A: In 326 BCE, Alexander marched to India and faced the formidable King Porus in the Battle of Hydaspes. Although victorious, he respected Porus and allowed him to continue ruling his kingdom under his authority.
Q10: What was Alexander’s ultimate goal in his military campaigns?
A: Alexander’s ultimate goal was to conquer the known world and spread Greek culture and civilization.
Q11: How did Alexander’s troops respond when they reached the Beas River during the Indian campaign?
A: Alexander’s troops, exhausted and homesick, refused to march further east and demanded to return to Macedonia, leading to his decision to turn back.
Q12: What happened to Alexander after his return from India?
A: Alexander fell ill and died in Babylon in 323 BCE at the age of 32, possibly due to fever or poisoning.
Q13: What were some of Alexander’s achievements as a ruler and conqueror?
A: Alexander’s achievements include the establishment of over 20 cities bearing his name (Alexandrias), the spread of Hellenistic culture, and the founding of one of the most extensive empires in history.
Q14: What is the significance of the Hellenistic era that followed Alexander’s death?
A: The Hellenistic era marked the spread of Greek culture and influence throughout the territories conquered by Alexander, blending Greek traditions with local customs.
Q15: How did Alexander’s conquests influence future military strategies and tactics?
A: Alexander’s use of combined arms tactics, flexible formations, and strategic mobility served as a model for future military commanders. It influenced military strategies for centuries.
Q16: Who were some of Alexander’s notable generals and companions?
A: Notable figures among Alexander’s generals and companions included Hephaestion, Ptolemy, Cassander, and Seleucus. These generals went on to establish their dynasties after Alexander’s death.
Q17: What is the significance of the Library of Alexandria, and why is it famous?
A: The Library of Alexandria, founded by Ptolemy I Soter. He became one of the most significant centers of learning in the ancient world, housing a vast collection of manuscripts and texts.
Q18: How did Alexander’s death lead to the division of his empire among his generals?
A: Following Alexander’s death, his empire was divided among his generals. It resulted in the formation of several Hellenistic kingdoms, including the Seleucid, Ptolemaic, and Antigonid dynasties.
Q:19 How did Alexander’s conquests influence the spread of Greek language and culture?
A: Through the foundation of new cities and the establishment of Greek colonies, Alexander’s conquests facilitated the spread of Greek language, customs, and ideas to different parts of the ancient world.
Q20: How is Alexander the Great remembered in history, and what is his enduring legacy?
A: Alexander the Great is remembered as one of history’s most successful military commanders and conquerors, whose empire-building and cultural influence left a lasting impact on the ancient world and subsequent civilizations.